Plasmonic Mach-Zehnder Interferometer for Optical Fiber


Nanoplasmonic structures are believed to be promising for high throughput and low cost sensing applications; however there are no products on the market that can offer this capability. As such, Lehigh University has attempted to offer a solution by investigating methods to integrate plasmonic Mach-Zehnder Interferometery in an optical fiber to produce detectable signals. The sensitivity of this technology is comparable, and likely better than conventional surface plasmon resonance systems. A primary objective is to integrate the technology with an optical fiber sensor.


Lehigh Tech ID# 072012-01


The worldwide market for biosensors was $6.72 billion in 2009, growing at an annual rate of over 11% until 2016, where it is estimated to reach $14.42 billion. [1] Applications for biosensors are growing, increasing demand and revenues for these technologies. [2]  There is also a push in the market for miniaturized biosensor devices in order to integrate them into portable systems, providing a window of opportunity for new technologies entering the market with such an “on-chip” focus. [3] 


[1] “Analytical Review of World Biosensors Market.” June 8, 2010. Frost and Sullivan web site (subscription required). (accessed September 21, 2010).

[2] “Strong Growth in Biosensors Market as Usage Increases Over a Range of Applications,” Research and Markets web site, (accessed February 11, 2010).

[3] John H.T. Luong, Keith B. Male, and Jeremy D. Glennon. “Biosensor technology: Technology push versus market pull.” Biotechnology Advances. Volume 26, Issue 5, September-October 2008. (accessed September 21, 2010).



Lehigh is interested in licensing this technology.  

App Type Country Serial No. Patent No. File Date Issued Date Expire Date
Provisional [PR] United States 61/697,626 9/6/2012   9/6/2013
For Information, Contact:
Yatin Karpe
Associate Director
Lehigh University
Qiaoqiang Gan
Filbert Bartoli
Yongkang Gao
Haifeng Hu
Optical Elements